Finally biodegradable capsules!!

Pollution and Coffee capsules: What is the problem?

Coffee capsules are not considered as packaging, so they are not intended for separate waste collection, but they are thrown into unsorted rubbish.
In this way they end up in landfills and incinerators, with a potential environmental impact of considerable magnitude and problematic quonto.
The capsules are in fact difficult to recycle, because they are made with a mixture of plastic and aluminium, to which we add the organic sediments of coffee which, in contact with this mixture, makes it difficult to dispose in most of the plants Most common recycling.
Coffee capsules and pollution: eco-friendly alternatives
Waste disposal is a critical environmental issue, especially in countries where landfill costs are very high.
On the market, however, there are alternatives to plastic and aluminium capsules.
Last year some coffee companies developed a biopolymer biodegradable capsule at 100%; Not only can biodegradable capsules be made from vegetable fiber material.
In the end the last novelty are the capsules in MaterB compostable 100% produced with recycled material.
Now we see a glossary of biodegradability centered on the capsules for the portioned coffee.
Biodegradability:
Properties of organic substances to be transformed into other simpler (such as carbon dioxide, water and methane) through the activity of micro-organisms.
The definition of biodegradable is closely linked to the conditions and time used to complete the biodegradation process.
Without these specifications, the biodegradable term becomes vague, because virtually any organic substance is biodegradable unless the time arc is specified.
Composting:
Controlled biological decomposition, in the presence of oxygen (aero-bica), of organic re uti from which is formed a material called compost, usable in agriculture as fertilizer.
It is the ideal solution for the disposal of the organic fraction of urban ri uti (also called “Wet fraction”).
It can take place both on an industrial scale, in the appropriate plants, and on a small scale through the domestic composters.
Industrial composting:
Industrial treatment of the humid fraction of municipal solid waste and of biodegradable agricultural and industrial production scraps for the obtaining of compost for the trade.
The treatment takes place by means of a biological process in the presence of oxygen. Mater-Bi ® family of plastic materials developed, patented and produced by Novamont, containing renewable resources of agricultural origin.
They are biodegradable and compostable according to the European standard Uni EN 13432 and guarantee resistance and tightness in a similar way to traditional plastics.
Compostable Plastics Not all biodegradable plastics are also compostable.
In order to be admitted to composting, bioplastics must meet the following criteria, established by the European norms UNI EN13432 and EN14995:
• No toxic substances, such as heavy metals;
• Biodegradability within 24 weeks in industrial composting conditions;
• Disintegration, i.e. fragmentation and loss of visibility in the final compost: within 3 months, the mass of the material must be at least 90% from fragments smaller than 2 mm;
• No negative and toxic effects on the final compost.
As we can see, some companies care about the environmental issue and are moving to make the coffee capsules more sustainable.
This is the right direction: As long as the capsule market continues to grow, making the difference will be the companies that offer more and more sustainable and eco-friendly alternatives.

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